Bloody urine and its implications

Bloody urine, also known as hematuria, can be a concerning symptom that may indicate an underlying health issue. While it is crucial to seek medical attention if you notice blood in your urine, it’s also helpful to understand the potential causes and implications of this condition. What is Bloody Urine? Bloody urine is a condition characterised by the presence of red blood cells in the urine, giving it a pink, red, or dark brown colour. It can be visible to the naked eye or only…

Continue ReadingBloody urine and its implications


Sputum is a mixture of saliva and mucus produced in the respiratory system, particularly in the lungs and the lower respiratory tract. The term “normal flora” refers to microorganisms typically found in a specific anatomical location in the body without causing disease. In the case of sputum, the normal flora consists of various microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi, and viruses, which generally reside in the respiratory tract. Components of Sputum Normal Flora Bacteria: The normal bacterial flora in the respiratory tract includes species such as Streptococcus pneumoniae,…

Continue ReadingSputum


Salmonella Salmonellae are motile gram-negative bacilli that infect or colonize humans, causing a number of clinical infections with different clinical features like gastroenteritis, enteric fever, bacteremia, and a chronic carrier state. Enteric fever is caused by Salmonella typhi and Salmonella paratyphi, while other strains of Salmonella are known as nontyphoidal strains. This activity reviews the evaluation and management of Salmonella infection and highlights the role of the interprofessional team in evaluating and treating patients with this condition. Objectives: Identify the etiology of Salmonella infection. Describe…

Continue ReadingSalmonella

End of content

No more pages to load